GeneProof Borrelia burgdorferi PCR Kit
Borrelia miyamotoi is a relapsing fever spirochete that has only recently been identified as a human pathogen that cause tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF). It was discovered in 1994 in Ixodes persulcatus ticks in Japan and then in two species of North American ticks, Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus.
These ticks are already known to transmit several diseases, including Lyme disease, anaplasmosis and babesiosis. Human cases of B. miyamotoi infection were first reported in 2011 in Russia and subsequently in the United States, Europe and Asia.
In recently published research the most common clinical manifestations of B. miyamotoi infection are fever, chills, headache and other common symptoms including fatigue, myalgia, arthralgia and nauzea. Standard blood tests for Lyme disease are not helpful in the diagnosis of B. miyamotoi infections. Currently, confirmation of a diagnosis relies on the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests that detect DNA from the organism, antibody-based assays, in vitro cultivation and/or isolation by animal inoculation.
GeneProof Borrelia burgdorferi PCR Kit
The GeneProof Borrelia burgdorferi PCR Kit is designed for detection of clinically important species causing Lyme disease from the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato group. At the same time, this kit also detects Borrelia miyamotoi causing tick-borne relapsing fever which is not usually detected by other diagnostic kits.
Detection is based on the amplification of DNA sequence encoding 16S RNA specific for the B. burgdorferi sensu lato group and measuring the amplification product concentration using PCR process and fluorescence labelled probes. B. burgdorferi presence is indicated by FAM fluorophore fluorescence growth. An Internal Standard (IS) is included in the reaction mix, controlling the possible inhibition of the PCR reaction (ISIN version) and possibly also the DNA extraction process quality (ISEX version). IS positive amplification is detected in the HEX fluorophore fluorescence channel. The detection kit utilizes the "hot start" technology, minimizing non-specific reactions and assuring maximum sensitivity. Ready to Use MasterMix contains uracil-DNA-glycosylase (UDG), eliminating possible contamination of the PCR reaction by amplification products. The kit performs very sensitive B. burgdorferi detection in clinical material (EDTA whole blood, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, tick). The kit is designed for in vitro diagnostics and provides qualitative detection.
Detected borrelia species detected by GeneProof Borrelia burgdorferi PCR Kit: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. afzelii, B. garinii, B. valaisiana, B. lusitaniae, B. andersonii, B. bissettii, B. japonica, B. tanukii, B. turdi, B. sinica, B. miyamotoi
See more about our kit GeneProof Borrelia burgdorferi PCR Kit
Siński E, Welc-Falęciak R, Zajkowska J. Borrelia miyamotoi: A human tick-borne relapsing fever spirochete in Europe and its potential impact on public health. Adv Med Sci. 2016 Mar 21;61(2):255-260. doi: 10.1016/j.advms.2016.03.001.
Molloy PJ, Telford SR, Chowdri HR, Lepore TJ, Gugliotta JL, Weeks KE, Hewins ME, Goethert HK and Berardi VP. Borrelia miyamotoi Disease in the Northeastern United States: A Case Series. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jul 21;163(2):91-8. doi: 10.7326/M15-0333.
Krause PJ, Fish D, Narasimhan S, Barbour AG. Borrelia miyamotoi infection in nature and in humans. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2015 Jul;21(7):631-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2015.02.006. Epub 2015 Feb 18.
Wagemakers A, Staarink PJ, Sprong H, Hovius JW, Borrelia miyamotoi: a widespread tick-borne relapsing fever spirochete. Trends Parasitol. 2015 Jun;31(6):260-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2015.03.008. Epub 2015 Apr 16.
Telford SR 3rd, Goethert HK, Molloy PJ, Berardi VP, Chowdri HR, Gugliotta JL, Lepore TJ. Borrelia miyamotoi Disease: Neither Lyme Disease Nor Relapsing Fever. Clin Lab Med. 2015 Dec;35(4):867-82. doi: 10.1016/j.cll.2015.08.002. Epub 2015 Sep 18.